“Even though more people who get it have milder illness, so many more people, overall, will get it that I think we are going to see a real challenge in our health care systems over the course of the next three to eight weeks,” said Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota.
“And what really is challenging is, on top of that, we can expect 10% to 30% of health care workers to get infected during that time.”
The variant will not discriminate by state lines, Osterholm told CNN on Monday.
“Instead of seeing the regional surges we were seeing with Delta — much of the West right now is very low level with Delta, parts of the South — I think Omicron is going to be a national viral blizzard,” he said.
The first confirmed Omicron-related death in the US was reported Monday. The Texas man in his 50s was unvaccinated, had underlying health conditions and previously had been infected with Covid-19, officials said.
Globally, Omicron cases are doubling every 1.5 to 3 days, the World Health Organization said.
Omicron’s far higher transmission levels compared to Delta would lead to a rise in US hospitalizations, Osterholm said.
People should focus on getting optimal protection from the virus with a booster, Osterholm said.
“Right now, we have a lot of people in this country who have bought some protection, but will it be enough to actually avoid serious illness with Omicron? We don’t know.”
It’s concerning that just 30% of vaccinated Americans had received a booster, as it takes seven to 14 days for immunity to really pick up following a booster shot, Osterholm said.
“Well, that takes us into the New Year. Takes us right through the holiday season and right into the heart of the Omicron, what I call, ‘blizzard.’ So, it’s not looking good. It’s a real perfect storm, unfortunately, of events,” he said.
The 500 million new tests will be made available next month and will reach Americans through the mail, the official said.
How often and when people need to test for Covid-19 depends on their situation, Dr. Anthony Fauci said Tuesday.
“If you are going to be going to a function, a dinner, and you’re vaccinated, hopefully, and boosted, but you want to go the extra step … you should do that,” Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told CNN’s “New Day.”
“Also, if you’re in a situation where you may have been exposed to someone, you might want to get tested a few days later to make sure that you’re in a situation when you have not been infected,” Fauci said.
Also among the President’s new initiatives is a plan to prepare 1,000 military service members to deploy to overburdened hospitals across the country in January and February, administration officials said. Those service members will include doctors, nurses, medics and other military medical personnel.
States prepare for Omicron
Some states are already overwhelmed, with Army medical personnel deploying to help fight Covid-19 in Indiana and Wisconsin.
Two 20-person teams will be deployed to assist civilian hospitals in the two states, US Army Northern Command announced Monday.
Meantime, northeast Ohio is in crisis, said Dr. Brook Watts, chief medical officer of community and public health at MetroHealth System in Cleveland.
“I think the health systems, together, said it best this weekend. When we took out a joint ad with all the hospitals in our region and it said one word, it said, ‘Help.’ It said help because our hospitals are filled with patients with Covid and we’re struggling,” she told CNN on Monday.
Unvaccinated people face a 10 times greater risk of testing positive and 20 times greater risk of dying from Covid-19 than fully vaccinated people who have also received a booster dose, according to data published recently by the CDC.
Compared to fully vaccinated people yet to receive a booster, unvaccinated people face a five times greater risk of testing positive for Covid-19 and a 14 times greater risk of dying, according to the CDC assessment of data through October.
Cases have been surging in New York state, which saw a nearly threefold increase in one week, according to data Monday from Gov. Kathy Hochul’s administration. And in New York City, officials are working to reinstate extra testing capacity, they said.
In Washington, DC — which has seen its highest daily coronavirus case count since the start of the pandemic — the indoor mask mandate was reinstated at 6 a.m. ET Tuesday and will stay in place through January 31, Mayor Muriel Bowser announced.
In Boston, proof of Covid-19 vaccination will be required for indoor dining, fitness venues, theaters and arenas, Mayor Michelle Wu announced. The mandate will apply to patrons and employees and will come online in phases: Single doses of vaccine will be required by January 15, with second doses required by February 15.
How parents can protect their children
The situation with Omicron is serious “but not dire” for children, Dr. Dimitri Christakis, editor in chief of JAMA Pediatrics, told CNN on Monday.
“From the data we have available so far, it still seems that Omicron doesn’t cause serious illness in children, and the good news is that children over 5 can get vaccinated, and vaccination does proffer a significant amount of protection,” he said.
But children aged under 5 cannot not yet be vaccinated, and as case numbers go up with the more transmissible variant, so will the numbers of children suffering serious illness, Christakis said.
Correction: An earlier version of this story misspelled the first name of Dr. Brook Watts, chief medical officer of community and public health at MetroHealth System in Cleveland.
CNN’s Sonnet Swire, Laura Lee, Artemis Moshtaghian, Raja Razek, Nikki Carvajal, Virginia Langmaid, Evan Simko-Bednarski, Kevin Liptak and Nikki Carvajal contributed to this report.